Presented by Rana Ghanem, HIC Board Representative, Middle East/North Africa
If we look at the reality in the region in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), we find that large parts of this region form the headlines of war and conflict and occupation. It is the philosophy of suffering the ravages of destruction and the persistent targeting of civilians by direct methods, their lands, homes, and the continued building of settlements in the Lost living conditions, health, educational difficulties without the deterrent or the conscience of international standing. Here are Syria, Iraq, Libya, and Yemen, states that live the scourge of conflicts and wars that have made these countries see the goals that have arisen for the United Nations, far-fetched because the security and stability, human rights and sustainable development are in the shadow of the guns scourge of war.
This does not mean that the state in the territory is the only abuse, there are other states such as Somalia, Sudan, Lebanon, far of achieving the SDGs, and so the region as a whole, lives in the protracted crisis and continues to determine the level of realization of the SDGs according to the 2030 Agenda.
The Covid-19 pandemic has made the situation bad and complex, but water deficit, and the capacity of some countries in the region to bypass triggered this crisis, contributed to the declines and the story of the development plans in the region.
This is what puts us in front of the paradox between what is offered by the governments of the states of the region in the review of the voluntary national reports (VNRs) and the real situation on the ground, which was not reflected in reality in the country reports on the extent of work for the SDGs, especially in light of the crisis of the pandemic.
The situations of conflict and occupation still create many human rights violations, while the world community calls for a cessation of violence and conflict pleads to stay at home to counter the spread of the pandemic. There are large numbers of people have found themselves increasingly vulnerable to losing their homes and lands, in addition to the issue of the lost land that they thought it meet their livelihoods, not to mention the situation of the women of the increasing cases of discrimination and violence because of the conflict.
The phrase “A human rights habitat, not war” that we have emphasized in the statement justifying the vision of human rights that are to respect, protect and fulfil through the human habitat – in urban and rural areas – As specified in the agenda of Habitat III, for appropriate habitat “Required a regional approach and comprehensive, cross-sectoral planning, implementation, and governance of Human Settlements, which emphasizes the organic links between the rural and urban treated villages and cities as points on a continuum of human settlements in the ecosystem in common. (As contained in the agenda of Habitat II, Istanbul, 1996, Paragraph. 104).
We also refer to the line work of Vancouver, Habitat I, for the year 1967, which was approved in the second paragraph of that “The ideologies of states is reflected in their own policies and the human settlement. Because they are powerful tools for change, you must not use the expropriation of the people from their homes and land, or to entrench privilege and exploitation. There must be of human settlement policies compatible with human rights”.
Our statement calls for a human rights habitat in line with the approach of the call made by Secretary-General of the United Nations Antonio Guterres since March 2020, for a ceasefire world to focus on with the struggle to defeat COVID-19. A repeated call at the beginning of the Seventy-Fifth Session of the General Assembly of the United Nations in September 2020. And it is also the seventieth anniversary of the United Nations Convention refugees, when there has been added 3 new Millions of refugees in the last year, added to the total amount recorded that it is more than 80 Million.
However, States in the MENA region did not respond to any party for support, and some broke the ceasefire agreements protracted in the same period, and appeared of new hostilities, thus exposing the population affected by the conflict to new and humanitarian crises. Within some states, the authoritarian regimes and extreme suppression of the pushy youth population and the increasing levels during the pandemic.
We join the Secretary-General of the United Nations to claim the following:
- Immediate cease-fires in all fields of battle around the globe.
- Prompt and meaningful reallocation of resources away from offensive military activities and materiel in favor of public spending to alleviate all the negative consequences of the pandemic.
- Withdrawal and definitive end to all foreign and military occupations, in particular the economic, trade, military and diplomatic aid and cooperation with those illegitimate administrations beyond occupying States’ jurisdiction.
- All States and international organizations compliance with international and extraterritorial obligations to support the self-determination of peoples and nations, including to refrain from recognition of, cooperation and/or transaction with parties to these illegal situations and to bring them to an end.
- We also need to redouble efforts for the settlement of disputes, prevention and support countries with economies in post-conflict, including through ensuring the involvement of women in peace-building processes and toLay the foundations of the state.
The country of Yemen, which is fighting a war entering its sixth year between militias Iran-backed overturned on state and of the comprehensive national dialogue involving all political and social forces, has made the country experiencing the worst famine in modern history of the United Nations, that estimates that 81% Yemenis need help urgent necessary for life. The number of displaced is more than four million people, and nearly two million and a half children away from education, as is the use of thousands of children as soldiers in this war, with looting and the destruction of land and civilian objects and the cultivation of more than two million mines by the militias, that this situation, which is appointed by the town makes talking about difficult to navigate in the country on aid, as countries such as Iran refuses to submit reports on the development. Working at the same time to destroy and create development in our country and other countries in the region.
However, we continue to call for reform of the plan year to follow the 2030 agenda goals, to be in line with the United Nations commitments.
In the MENA region, to follow the dream of the UN Human Rights Without War is far away, as long as the permanent war is the focus of many of the foreign policies of states, which is still without addressing the Sustainable Development Goals, but the biggest obstacle to her. With the wars, poverty and famine, as we call upon the achievement of food security for the region at the same time, we believe that real development lies in the access to the land and food sovereignty.