U.N. opens Urban Dialogues summaries to public comment


Stakeholders can comment on report of first major New Urban
Agenda engagement for one week, through 24 August.

Following three weeks of open debate hosted on an
online platform, the Habitat III Secretariat has released synthesis reports of the discussions for
a one-week public comment period. The debates, called Urban Dialogues, took place during most of
July, and reportedly drew the attention of some 10,000 users from almost
180 countries

Now, the Habitat III Urban
Dialogues Draft Zero Summaries
 have collated ideas from the six
discussion forums. These forums explored the central topics to be included by
the Habitat III discussions, covering
social cohesion and equity, urban frameworks, urban ecology and environment,
urban housing and basic services, spatial development and urban economy.

These six themes were drawn from the Habitat III “issue papers”, a series of documents
highlighting the central concerns of 21st-century urban development. In turn,
the papers and these six themes will constitute a core of the New Urban Agenda, the 20-year urbanization
strategy that will come out of next year’s Habitat III cities
conference in Quito.

[See: Six great ideas from the Habitat III Urban Dialogues]

The newly released summaries underscore the
wide-ranging debates that took place through the Urban Dialogues, as well as
the many cross-cutting issues that were raised.

For instance, public space, a topic that found its way into
the new Sustainable Development Goals
specifically in Goal 11, the urban SDG— came up in conversations
about social cohesion and equity as well as spatial development. Examples
included the growth of a virtual commons in Malé, the capital of the Maldives,
in lieu of adequate physical gathering spaces.

[See: Toward a global action plan for public space]

Migration has also become a hot-button topic in
recent years, given the global rise in asylum-seekers and the ongoing migrant crisis
in Europe. The issue and related concerns came up in the Urban Dialogues around
the role of migrants as important actors in cities — and ones whose livelihoods
should not be forgotten in discussions of social equity and the
urban economy.

In addition, women, youths and labour received
special mention in the online debates, as these demographics are officially
recognized U. N. stakeholder groups (known as
major groups). The discussion around social cohesion and equity also raised
concerns about the plight of the disabled and the need for safe spaces in
cities forLGBTcommunities.

The debate about urban frameworks included a
spirited discussion on a number of key trends in contemporary urban thought,
such as the importance of metropolitan governance and the Right to the City
movement. Urban-rural linkages, a likely negotiating
point among U. N.member states in the debate over
the New Urban Agenda, were brought up in the spatial development discussion,
drawing examples from Africa to Afghanistan.

The role of cities in the climate change debate has
assumed prominence ahead of COP21, the Paris climate summit that will begin
in November. However, the Urban Dialogues discussion on urban ecology and
environment focused more on resilience in the context of natural disasters
under the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction,
which was struck earlier this year. While it is true that such disasters are
increasing in frequency because of climate change, the online debate did not
address cities’ ability to mitigate climate change so much as look at ways to
adapt to its most destructive effects.

[See: Cities can lead on climate action ahead of 2020

Informality and transit

Multiple issues provided fodder for a rich
conversation about urban economies — local economic development, promoting a
culture of entrepreneurship, the role of informality, cultural industries,
sustainable industrial policy and more. Case studies from Brazil and India
provided examples, both good and bad, of how cities have addressed
informal workers.

Informality was also a central theme of the debate
on urban housing and basic services in light of the persistent challenge of
informal housing. In addition to ways of ensuring adequate housing for the
urban poor, users highlighted the importance of connecting housing, jobs and
access to transportation — collectively, an idea known as transit-oriented
development (TOD).

With responses and views being offered from
established NGOs as well as individual users who could share experiences
from their city or country, the Urban Dialogues covered a gamut of
perspectives. Future such online debates will likely focus on the work of the “policy unit” experts, the 200 individuals who
will study both the issue papers and Urban Dialogue debates and eventually
offer thematic recommendations on the drafting and implementation of the New
Urban Agenda. These 200 experts are expected to be announced next week.

The Habitat III Urban Dialogues Draft
Zero Summaries are open to public review and suggestions until 24 August.

* Original