2017 – The World Day for the Right to the City: Stop Forced Evictions
The Global Platform for
the Right to the City members, friends and allies from all around the world,
in Nairobi, Kenya,
the 31th October of every year the World Day for the Right to the
City and make a global call for the right to the
city, and the universal opposition to forced evictions and displacements that are dramatically impacting both on our
urban and rural communities.
Forced evictions are a
gross violation of legally
recognized human rights.
According to international standards and commitments, such as the General Comments 4 and 7, national and local governments (including Executive, Legislative and Judiciary powers) are asked to (1) take preventive measures; (2) ensure sufficient
protection; and (3) guarantee that safeguards of all human rights are taken
prior, during and after evictions. Forced evictions are a threat to a peaceful
and decent life. Forced evictions cause terror and suffering for the most
disadvantaged, with devastating consequences for children and women[i].
One year ago, at the
Habitat III conference held in Quito, 197 states approved the New “Urban”
Agenda, where they reaffirmed their commitment to
prevent arbitrary forced evictions and displacements and provide dignified and
adequate reallocation[ii]. States also
recognized that property and land in cities and human settlements must fulfil
their social function, a fundamental component of the right to the city[iii].
those commitments, these gross violations are still happening all over the
world. The New Urban Agenda embraced the Right to
the City vision, understood as the right of all inhabitants (present and
future; permanent and temporary) to use, occupy, produce, govern and enjoy
just, inclusive, safe and sustainable cities, villages and settlements defined
as common goods. Forced evictions, fuelled especially by the unlimited
development, are a clear threat to that shared vision.
Today, as a Global Platform integrating a broad range
of institutions and actors,we express our solidarity
with the people who face forced evictions, displacements, and loss of their
homes, lands, and livelihoods.
Today, we salute the
courage of hundreds of organizations, as well as the
consistency of national governments and local authorities when they protect
human rights legally recognized, and their different but relentless struggle
around the world for the right to the city and social justice in urban and rural areas.
Today, and according to our different roles and
competences, we commit to work together to denounce and urgently stop Forced
and to support the affected communities.
In this sense, we – social
movements, non-governmental organizations, networks and forums, academic
institutions, public sector, local authorities, foundations and international
organizations- urgently call upon states to respect their commitments under the
global agendas and human rights treaties, guarantee the social function of land
and property, implement the right to the city and immediately prevent and
remedy forced evictions.
welcome the UN Special Rapporteur’s commitment on this front and call upon UN
Habitat to assume urgently its responsibilities, providing the tools needed to
deal with forced evictions, in particular by reintroducing the “forced
evictions” indicator in the ” Slum Index” and restoring the UN Habitat Advisory
Group on Forced Evictions, with concrete capacity to intervene.
We will continue
monitoring and denouncing the forced evictions as gross human rights
violations. We will also continue mobilizing to defend our territories and
STOP FORCED EVICTIONS AND DISPLACEMENTS!
RIGHT TO HOUSING AND RIGHT TO LAND NOW!
RIGHT TO LIVE WITH DIGNITY AND IN PEACE IN OUR
RIGHT TO THE CITY FOR ALL!
marks the first anniversary of the Habitat III commitments. We’d like to
propose this day as the World Day for the Right to the City. Every October 31
we’ll remind governments of their commitments to ensure equity, resilience,
sustainability, social justice and respect for the environment in human
We invite you to join and share this call on your social media using
#StopForcedEvictions and #RighttotheCity. If you or your organization wish to
subscribe the call, please send an e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org
[i] The right to adequate housing (Art.11.1):
forced evictions : 20/05/97. CESCR General comment 7
[ii] New Urban Agenda, pars 31, 107 and 111.
[iii] idem, par. 13 a)
List of cases:
Evictions in Manzou Farm http://bit.ly/2yC0PZx
Over 400 families evicted in Chennaiunder the guise of ‘restoration of water
bodies’and disaster management http://bit.ly/2g7AzyG
Fattis Mansion Residents Question the Legality of their forced Eviction http://bit.ly/2yCVilA
Gbame, Lagos, Nigeria. Thousands Displaced as Police Raze Lagos’ Otodo Gbame http://bit.ly/2yChyfg
million displaced in Democratic Republic of Congo’s Kasai: UN http://bit.ly/2g8tkGU
Police Beat Refugees During Eviction http://bit.ly/2yD2jD5
Kurds forced to leave historic Turkey’s Sur district hit by violence http://bit.ly/2yC65ML
Israel razes Palestinian village for 113th time http://bit.ly/2yCniGb
Mexican Christians forced to live in wine cellar http://bit.ly/2yCn95h
Al-Sharq governerate, Kuwait. ‘Should we
leave country’ – Fishermen without homeshttp://bit.ly/2yCG93H
Forced evictions in Kolkata for
theFederation of International Football Associations’ (FIFA). Under-17 World
Cup 2 http://bit.ly/2xwd4qG
6 Cas D’evictions Forcees de
Douala-Cameroun: Nkomba, PK14-17, Bepanda Axe Lourd, Bepanda Boulevard, Emprise
Ferroviaire, et Corres http://bit.ly/2xy32VM
Abahlali Base Mjondolo
Afrique Solidarité – A.I.S.E.D.
Association des Amoureux du Livre pour le Development Local – ASSOAL
Associaciation des Habitants et Travailleurs de Barake – AHTB
Bunge La Mwananchi
Canadian Housing Renewal Association – CHRA
Centre for Urbanism and Built Environment – CUBES
Coalition des ONG et OCB du Cameroun oeuvrant dans le domaine des
etablissements humains – CONGEH
Coalition Nationale pour L’Habitat – CNHa
Dajopen Waste Mangement
Defensor general Defensoría del Pueblo de Buenos Aires
Development Action Group – DAG
Development Indian Ocean Network – DION
Environment et Développement du Tiers Monde – ENDA Tiers Monde
Fondation des Femmes Actives pour la Promotion de l’Education de la Femme
et de l’Enfant
Grassroots Trust Coordinator
Habitat International Coalition
International Alliance of Inhabitants
Muthurwa Housing Cooperative Society
Popular Workshop of Urbanism
Rosa Luxembur Stiftung
The Bartlet DPU
The New School
UCLG Committee on Social, Inclusion, Participatory Democracy and Human
Women in Development & Environment
Women in Informal Employment: Globalizing and Organizing (WIEGO)
Zimbabwe People’s Land Rights Movement – ZPLRM